A Definition of Migration

The definition of the word can be "the movement of people from one place to another".

There are two main types of migration: first, internal migration, i.e. migration within one country, and secondly international migration, which means the movement from one country to another.

A good example of internal migration is the movement from East Germany to West Germany, which causes big problems for East Germany. A good example of international migration is the movement from third-world countries to Europe or America.

The next question is: What makes people migrate from one place to another?

The reasons for migration can be divided into two main aspects, the so-called "push" and "pull" factors.

Push factors are those in their old place which force people to move. For example, there may be civil wars or wars in general in the country, but political or religious oppression, climate changes, lack of jobs or simply poverty are all important push factors.

Pull factors are factors in the target country which encourage people to move; these include peace and safety, a chance of a better job, better education, social security, a better standard of living in general as well as political and religious freedom.