Traditions, Values and Young People

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Calendar of Festivals in Spain

New Year's Day
1 January
1st of January: New Year’s Day: This day people usually have lunch with their family to celebrate the beginning of the year.

wise men
Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cabalgata_de_Baltasar.JPG. Copyright: see that page.

The Three Wise Men
6 January
Children open the presents that the Three Wise Men have given them during the night and people meet the family and have lunch together.

reina carnaval
Source: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Reina_carnaval.jpg. Copyright: see that page.

Carnival
February

On these days people usually wear costumes. The most representative festivities are in Cadiz and Tenerife.
Cadiz: Las Chirigotas: It is a group of costumed people who sing a song criticizing some problems about the government, famous people and society.
Canarias: They choose the Queen of the carnival who dresses up a spectacular costume and they celebrate a big parade full of fantasy and colours.

Father's Day
19 March
It is a religious festivity which is called San José.Sons and daughters give a present to their fathers.
burning falla

Las Fallas
17-20 March

This festivity takes place in Valencia. “Las fallas” are big statues made with carton in different places of the city. Each neighbourhood of the city has an organized group of people, the Casal faller, that works all year long holding fundraising parties and dinners, usually featuring the famous speciality paella. Each casal faller produces a construction known as a falla which is eventually burnt. It is very representative that the women wear traditional medieval dresses.
paso
Easter

Easter is the oldest and the most important Christian festivity , the celebration of the death and coming to life again of Jesus Christ. For Christians, the dawn of Easter Sunday with its message of new life is the high point of the Christian year.
In some areas,we eat a special cake called “mona” and it is a tradition to break the egg which is placed in the middle of it on a friend's forehead.
In most of the cities of our country there are special religious processions of "pasos", lifelike wood or plaster sculptures of individual scenes of the events that happened between Jesus' arrest and his burial, or images of the Virgin Mary showing grief for the torture and killing of her son. The pasos are set up and maintained by hermandades and cofradías, religious brotherhoods that are common to a specific area of the city.These people are called "Nazarenos" and wear special penitential robes with conical hats, or "capirotes”.

feria de abril
Seville Spring Fair
2 weeks after Easter
The Seville Spring Fair, Feria de abril de Sevilla, is held in the Andalusian capital of Seville, Spain. The fair officially begins at midnight on Tuesday, and runs six days, ending on the following Sunday. Each day the fiesta begins with the parade of carriages, horses and beautiful dresses. At midday people go to their private marquees to dance “Sevillanas” and in the afternoon they make their way to the bullring, the Real Maestranza, where the bullfighters and breeders meet.
Worker's Day
1 May
This day nobody works and the workers’ rights are commemorated.
Mother's Day
First Sunday in May
this day the sons and daughters give to their mothers some presents to thank them everything they do for them.
hoduera
San Juan
23 June
The Spanish people pay tribute to the Summer solstice with the fiesta of San Juan. As the sun sets on the eve of the 23rd everyone heads for the nearest beach where they build bonfires, light barbecues, prepare the food and have fun. Some people carry out rituals to get rid of the bad spirits and the bad luck. In our region, at these dates we celebrate “las hogueras de San Juan”, that it is like the fallas.
San Fermines
7 July
Pamplona celebrates its most important festivity. Early in the morning some bulls run along the streets of the city and people run in front of them and when they arrive to the bullring they bullfight these bulls.
Santiago
25 July
It is the patron of Spain and it is a bank holiday in some parts of the country. There is also the well-known Saint James’ Way.
Day of the Virgin
15 August
In a lot of cities people celebrate this bank holiday with a religious procession carrying the Virgin Mary along the streets.

cristianos
Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:EntradafilaVascos2006.jpg. Copyright: see that page.

Moros y Cristianos at Ibi (our town)
September
It is a religious festivity and we celebrate that the Christians expelled the Moors from Spain. In each region there are some different celebrations like some parades, music bands, fireworks and processions. People dress up themselves with medieval dresses.They share this time with friends having lunch and dinner in groups called comparsas.
Día de la Comunidad Valenciana
9 October
We celebrate the day when King Jaume I arrived atValencia, expelling the Moors from the city.
Día de la Hispanidad
12 October
We commemorate the national holiday and there is a fantastic military parade in the capital city,Madrid.
huesos de santo

All Saints
1 November

People go to the nearby cemetery to visit their relative's tombs and remember them carrying some flowers there. In some areas, it is typical to eat special sweets called huesos de santo (saint's bones) made of marzipan.
Day of the Spanish Constitution
6 December
The Constitution of Spain is regarded as the culmination of the Spanish transition to democracy and on this day, we celebrate the victory of the democracy.
Immaculate Conception
8 December
This day commemorates the beauty of the blessed Virgin Mary .It is a public holiday when some people go to mass.

polvoron
Source: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archivo:Polvor%C3%B3n_de_Estepa.jpg. Copyright: see that page.

Christmas Day
25 December
Christmas is an annual holiday that marks and honours the birth of Jesus of Nazareth. We celebrate it with the family and we have lunch. After this we sing some carols and we eat “polvorones” . Afterwards, in the afternoon, some friends can come and visit you to wish you Merry Christmas.
Day of the Holy Innocents
28 December
It is the commemoration of a historical episode : the killing of all children under two years of age born in Bethlehem, ordered by King Herod in order to kill Jesus. It is typical to make jokes.
New Year's Eve
31 December
In Spain we celebrate the last day of the year and we call it “Nochevieja”. When we were young we celebrated it with our parents and our family but when we grow up we have dinner with our friends. At midnight we eat twelve grapes; it’s a tradition and you have to eat one grape with each bell ring.